TRAKYA University Faculty of Engineering Genetic and Bioengineering Department Head and Plant Breeding Practice and Research Center Director Prof. Dr. Scar, stated that the driest October and November months of the last 40-50 years have been experienced. Stating that the last rains gave life to wheat, Prof. Dr. Kaya said, “There would have been no rain and no wheat would have come out. Wheat is our most important product. One of our indispensable strategic products is wheat. Agriculture would be affected greatly. As a country, we would enter into an economic crisis.”
TurkeyThe driest October and November months of recent years have been experienced in Thrace, the granary of Turkey. According to the data of the last 30 years, the region, which received 50-60 kilograms of precipitation, received 1 kilogram of precipitation in October. While some producers in the region planted wheat seeds in dry soil, others delayed it and left it until November. The producer smiled in Thrace with 65.8 kilograms of precipitation per square meter in November and 36.6 kilograms in December. University of Trakya Head of the Department of Genetics and Bioengineering at the Faculty of Engineering and Director of the Plant Breeding Application and Research Center Prof. Dr. Yalçın Kaya stated that wheat is the most important and the most planted product for the country. Stating that Thrace is an important region in terms of wheat cultivation areas, Prof. Dr. Kaya said, “We had perhaps the driest month of October, or even November, in the last 40-50 years, without any rain. When we say October, it is actually October because it is the time to plant wheat. But unfortunately, we have abandoned October within the framework of global warming recently. Sowing shifted to November. We expected rain, but unfortunately it never rained. Even the farmers completed their planting until the end of November. We wondered, ‘I wonder if our wheat will grow.’ But the rain came like Khidr, especially in late November and early December. “At the moment, the wheat is very good, ready for winter,” he said.
‘WE HAD A DRY WINTER’
prof. Dr. Noting the value of wheat entering the winter at least in the period of 3-4 leaves, Kaya said, “The root crown is formed and goes down 3-4 cm. Because if the wheat entered without germination in a much smaller period, it could have problems in unprofitable frosts. Since wheat is in this state, it is currently The second important point is that it is not against snowless frosts, because if there is a snowless frost, if 3-4 fingers remain in water after a rain, the root crown must fall by 3-4 cm so that it is ready for winter and all frosts. snow is the comforter of our plants, which protects them from the cold during the winter. We had a very dry winter last year, too. We hardly saw snow. When it snows, it will be beneficial to store more water when it snows, so that more soil water will be stored and used later. it is approaching its normal season, the danger of drought has been completely overcome, after very long lasting snowless frosts or rain may experience difficulties in the freezing of the soil, but in this sense, we see that a danger has passed and that it has overcome important dangers.
‘IF IT WAS NOT RAIN, WE MAY NOT HAVE WHEAT’
Stating that wheat would not come out without rain, Prof. Dr. Kaya said, “It could not have rained and wheat might not have grown. We might not have wheat right now. We could have stayed without wheat this year. They planted it, followed by sunny weather. These also helped the wheat to reach this level. Because the plant development continued. It could germinate very thinly and enter the winter. if the cold weather had fallen, they could have frozen. In this sense, it has always been beneficial for the development of wheat, it has helped both to grow what we planted and then to reach this level. Bread is our most important food source in the world. Wheat is our most important product. In Europe or Russia We are one of the countries where the most wheat is planted in the world. In this sense, one of our indispensable strategic products is wheat. Agriculture would be greatly affected. As a country, we would go into an economic crisis. There are still wars, we call it the grain corridor. Turkey is one of the most important countries in the world flour industry and trade. We also import sometimes, but there is also a wheat plant below which no wheat grows. Middle East, North Africa have countries. Our country is also one of the largest flour and pasta exporters in the world. The most important thing in the world is arable land. Wheat crisis in the pandemic period when there is no wheat cultivation in these arable lands How happened? It would have caused an excessive increase in food,” he said. Indicating that producers should also pay attention to weeds, Kaya said, “There is nothing the producers can do against frost and environmental conditions. From now on, there are weed pesticides that our farmers will pay the most attention to, especially if there are weeds in their fields, to be applied during this period. They can throw them. Because we see especially in some fields, grass populations are very high. Weather and environmental conditions are also important. They should also pay attention to these,” he said.DHA)