An earthquake is a natural disaster that occurs as a result of a sudden release of energy in the earth’s crust. An earthquake occurs when rocks in the earth’s crust suddenly move. Earth’s rocks are made up of large chunks called plates. These plates move relative to each other and cause tension in the earth’s crust.
When an earthquake occurs, tension is suddenly released and energy is released in the form of shock waves. These waves cause vibrations in the earth and these vibrations can cause significant damage to structures, buildings and other human structures. Earthquakes can also cause other natural disasters such as landslides, avalanches and tsunamis.
Istanbul is a city with a high earthquake risk in Turkey. Many major earthquakes have occurred in Istanbul throughout its history. Some of the biggest earthquakes recorded in Istanbul include: